نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Organisms living in frigid environments have evolved different mechanisms to deal with cold air. The emergence of the antifreeze protein gene is one of the most important mechanisms. Antifreeze proteins have critical functional properties for organisms to survive in cold environments. These proteins prevent freezing damage in living organisms such as fish by binding to ice crystals. The variety of species that contain this type of protein and the diversity of the proteins has resulted in the development of a wide range of antifreeze proteins of varying sizes and functions, which has piqued the interest of a variety of companies. Although the development of antifreeze proteins technology is in its infancy, it could have great potential for future performance. Meanwhile, marine resources provide humanity with a unique potential to create such valuable molecules due to their breadth and climatic variability. With this approach, the present study aims to study and introduce antifreeze proteins derived from fish to provide a comprehensive knowledge of the types of antifreeze proteins in them and their potential applications.